European Radio Map: Britain and Ireland
Léarscáil raidió na hEorpa: Bhreatain-Éirinn / Rèidio mapa Eòrpach: Bhreatainn-Èireann / Radio map Ewropeaidd: Prydain-Iwerddon
An t-Aonadh Eòrpach
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Central Europe •
Radio broadcasting in the United Kingdom began in 1920 (MZX/2MT, Writtle), FM radio was introduced in 1955 and DAB digital radio in 1993 (trial) and 1999 (regular service). The national public broadcaster British Broadcasting Corporation - BBC
was formed in 1922 with stations in London (2LO), Manchester (2ZY) and Birmingham (5IT). Today, the BBC has five major national stations, available on AM/FM/DAB throughout the UK and another five digital-only national stations; 40 local stations in England and the Channel Islands; six regional stations for Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; and BBC World Service in 28 languages. Broadcasting in the country is regulated by the Office of Communications – Ofcom
. Currently there are three national AM or FM commercial stations, 287 local/regional commercial stations and 306 community stations in the UK, using (altogether with the BBC services) over 2000 FM, 500 MW, 3 LW radio transmitters. On DAB digital radio there are 3 national, 6 regional and 60 local multiplexes, offering around 400 stations via over 800 transmitters. Primary language on radio is English, stations in other languages are available in some regions.
Radio broadcasting in England began in 1920 (MZX/2MT, Writtle). Primary language on radio is English, stations in minority languages are available in metropolitan areas.
Radio broadcasting in Wales began in 1923 (5WA, Cardiff). Primary language on radio is English, with some stations in Welsh.
Radio broadcasting in Scotland began in 1923 (5SC, Glasgow). Primary language on radio is English, with some stations in Scottish Gaelic.
Radio broadcasting in Northern Ireland began in 1924 (5BE, Belfast). Primary language on radio is English, with some stations in Irish.
Radio broadcasting in the Isle of Man began in 1964. Manx Radio is the national public service broadcaster of the Isle of Man, broadcasting on AM and FM. There are two other local commercial FM radio stations, BBC national stations from the UK are relayed to the island on FM and DAB digital radio. Primary language on radio is English.
First local station in Guernsey opened in 1982 (BBC Radio Guernsey), broadcasting on AM and FM. There are two other local FM radio stations, BBC national stations from the UK are relayed to the islands on FM and DAB digital radio. Primary language on radio is English.
First local station in Jersey opened in 1982 (BBC Radio Jersey), broadcasting on AM and FM. There is one other local FM radio station on the island, BBC national stations from the UK are relayed on FM and DAB digital radio. Primary language on radio is English.
Radio broadcasting in Ireland began in 1926 (2RN, Dublin), FM radio was introduced in 1966 and DAB digital radio in 2007. Ireland's national television and radio broadcaster - Raidió Teilifís Éireann, RTÉ
operates four radio networks and five digital radio channels, on LW, FM and DAB. Broadcasting is regulated by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland – BAI
. Currently there are two commercial radio networks and more than 70 local and regional radio stations in Ireland; over 430 FM radio transmitters, two active AM transmitters (one LW and one MW), two DAB digital radio multiplexes witn 6 transmitters. Primary languages on radio are English and Irish.
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